12 of my favourite eponyms

In my post about naming diseases I referred to the use of eponyms. In previous articles I have looked at bowdlerise, morphine and Luddite. This week I wanted to look at a dozen of my favourites:

  1. Candido Jacuzzi invented the whirlpool bath for his son who suffered from rheumatoid arthritis.
  2. The dinner jacket for semiformal evening dress takes its name from the Tuxedo Park Country Club, New York.
  3. The Greek god Pan, who could cause sudden, contagious fear in people and animals through the power of his voice, gives us the word panic.
  4. Jean Nicot (1530-1600), the French ambassador to Portugal, who promoted smoking by sending tobacco seeds and leaves to France in the mid 16th century gives us nicotine, the colourless, oily, water-soluble, highly toxic, liquid alkaloid.
  5. Decibel is a strange one. It was coined by telephone engineers. It was first called “bel” after Alexander Graham Bell. The deci comes from the Latin word for ten.
  6. Frenchman Étienne de Silhouette (1709-1767), Controller-General of Finances under Louis XV, loved to tax his fellow citizens. The dark image outlined against a lighter background is said to refer the victims of his taxes were reduced to mere shadows of themselves.
  7. Sam Maverick (1803-1870), a Texas politician and rancher who refused to brand his cattle, gives us the word for a non-conformist.
  8. Zanni from the Commedia dell’arte is a clown who wears a mask with a long, downward curving beak in the Italian. This gives the word zany.
  9. Jumbo, a 62 ton African elephant exhibited at London Zoo in the 19th century, give us the word for extremely large.
  10. Mr. Boffin, a character from Charles Dickens’s Our Mutual Friend, gives us the word for an egghead.
  11. Syphilis, the infectious venereal disease, is from a 16th century poem by Veronese doctor Girolamo Fracastoro (1483-1553), which tells the tale of the shepherd Syphilus, said to be the first sufferer of the disease.
  12. A photographer in the film La Dolce Vita, Paparazzo gives us the name for the camera-wielding celebrity hunters.
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